Instructions For Monopoly World Edition 2015

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• Negotiation • Resource management • Monopoly is a where players roll two six-sided dice to move around the game-board buying and trading properties, and develop them with houses and hotels. Players collect rent from their opponents, with the goal being to drive them into. Money can also be gained or lost through Chance and Community Chest cards, and tax squares; players can end up in jail, which they cannot move from until they have met one of several conditions. The game has numerous and hundreds of different editions exist, in addition to many spin-offs and related media; Monopoly has become a part of international popular culture, having been locally licensed in more than 103 countries and printed in more than thirty-seven languages. Monopoly is derived from, which was created by in the United States in 1903 as a way to demonstrate that an economy which rewards wealth creation is better than one in which monopolists work under few constraints and to promote the economic theories of and in particular his. It was first published by in 1935. The game is named after the economic concept of —the domination of a market by a single entity.

It is owned and produced by the American game and toy company. Elizabeth Magie's 1904 board design The history of Monopoly can be traced back to 1903, when American anti-monopolist created a game through which she hoped to be able to explain the theory of. It was intended as an educational tool to illustrate the negative aspects of concentrating land in private. Magie took out a patent in 1904. Her game,, was self-published, beginning in 1906. A series of variant board games based on her concept was developed from 1906 through the 1930s that involved both the process of buying land for its development, and also the sale of any undeveloped property.

Monopoly World Edition Uk

Cardboard houses were added and rents were increased as they were added. Magie again patented the game in 1923. According to an advertisement placed in, Charles Todd of Philadelphia recalled the day in 1932 when his childhood friend, Esther Jones, and her husband came to their house for dinner. After the meal, the Todds introduced Darrow to The Landlord's Game, which they then played several times together. At that point the game was entirely new to Darrow, and he asked the Todds for a written set of the rules. After that night, Darrow went on to utilize this by distributing the game himself as Monopoly – an act for which the Todds refused to speak to Darrow ever again. After Darrow had excellent sales during the Christmas season of 1934, the Parker Brothers bought the game's copyrights from Darrow.

Shop from the world's largest selection and best deals for Contemporary Manufacture Board & Traditional Games. Shop with confidence on eBay! Nov 03, 2015 Published on Nov 4, 2015. Read the instructions. I would give this Monopoly Here & Now World Edition game 3 out of 5 stars. However, the instructions also offer options for speeding the game along. You may appreciate playing for a set amount of time, since the world record for the longest Monopoly is 70 days! Unique Pieces Bring the World of Monopoly up to Speed Here and Now: The World Edition of Monopoly features cities from around.

After finding Darrow was not the sole inventor of the game, Parker bought the rights to Magie's patent. Origin [ ] By 1933, a variation on called Monopoly was the basis of the board game sold by Parker Brothers, beginning on February 6, 1935. Several people, mostly in the midwestern United States and near the East Coast, contributed to the game's design and evolution, and this is when the game's design took on the 4×10 space-to-a-side layout and familiar cards were produced.

Cartoonist is credited with creating the 'Go to Jail' Officer Edgar Mallory, Jake the Jailbird, and mascot characters. Patent number US 2026082 A was issued to on December 31, 1935 for the game board design and was assigned to Parker Brothers Inc.

[ ] The original version of the game in this format was based on the streets of. 1936–1970 [ ] In 1936, Parker Brothers began licensing the game for sale outside the United States.

In 1941, the British had, the licensed manufacturer of the game in the United Kingdom, create a special edition for World War II held by the. Hidden inside these games were,, real money, and other objects useful for escaping. They were distributed to prisoners by British secret service-created fake charity groups. 1970s–80s [ ] Economics professor published a game in 1973, and was sued for by Parker Brothers in 1974.

The case went to trial in 1976. Anspach won on appeals in 1979, as the determined that the trademark Monopoly was, and therefore unenforceable. The declined to hear the case, allowing the appellate court ruling to stand. This decision was overturned by the passage of Public Law 98-620 in 1984.

With that law in place, Parker Brothers and its parent company,, continue to hold valid trademarks for the game Monopoly. However, Anti-Monopoly was exempted from the law and Anspach later reached a settlement with Hasbro and markets his game under license from them.

The research that Anspach conducted during the course of the litigation was what helped to bring the game's history before Charles Darrow into the spotlight. Hasbro ownership [ ] In 1991, Hasbro acquired Parker Bros. And thus Monopoly. Prior to the Hasbro acquisition, Parker Bros. Only acted as a publisher only issuing two versions at a time, a regular and deluxe.

Thus Hasbro move to create and license other versions and involve the public in varying the game. A new wave of licensed products began in 1994, when Hasbro granted a license to USAopoly to begin publishing a San Diego Edition of Monopoly, which has since been followed by over 100 more Other licensees include Games (since 1995) and Winning Solutions, Inc. (since 2000) in the United States. In 2003, the company held a national tournament on a chartered train going from Chicago to Atlantic City (see ).

Also in 2003, Hasbro sued the maker of Ghetto-opoly and won. In 2005, the company sued RADGames over their Super Add-On accessory board game that fit in the center of the board. In January 2017, Hasbro invited Internet users to vote on a new set of game pieces, with this new regular edition to be issued in March 2017. The original Monopoly board patent The Monopoly game-board consists of forty spaces containing twenty-eight properties: (twenty-two streets (grouped into eight color groups), four railroads, and two utilities), three spaces, three spaces, a space, an space, and the four corner squares: GO, (In) Jail/Just Visiting, Free Parking, and Go to Jail. Versions [ ] There have been some changes to the board since the original. Not all of the Chance and Community Chest cards as printed in the 1935 patent were used in editions from 1936/1937 onwards, and graphics with the Mr.

Monopoly character (then known as 'Rich Uncle Pennybags') were added in that same time-frame. A graphic of a chest containing coins was added to the Community Chest spaces, as were the flat purchase prices of all of the properties. Traditionally, the Community Chest cards were yellow (although they sometimes were printed on blue stock) with no decoration or text on the back, and the Chance cards were orange, likewise with no text or decoration on the back. Hasbro commissioned a major graphic redesign to the U.S. Standard Edition of the game in 2008, with some minor revisions. Among the changes: the colors of Mediterranean and Baltic Avenues (which changed from purple to brown), the colors of the GO square (which changed from red to black), the adoption of a flat $200 Income Tax (formerly the player's choice of $200 or 10% of their total holdings, which they may not calculate until after making their final decision); originally the amount was $300 but changed a year after the game's debut, and increased $100 Luxury Tax amount (upped from $75). There were also changes to the Chance and Community Chest cards; for example, the 'poor tax' and 'grand opera opening' cards became 'speeding fine' and 'it is your birthday', respectively; though their effects remained the same, and the player must pay only $50 instead of $150 for the school tax.

In addition, a player now gets $50 instead of $45 for sale of stock, and the Advance to Illinois Avenue card now has the added text regarding a player collecting $200 if they pass Go on the way there. MONOPOLY Box All of the Chance and Community Chest cards received a graphic upgrade in 2008 as part of the graphic refresh of the game. Monopoly's classic line illustration was also now usually replaced by renderings of a 3D Mr. Monopoly model. The backs of the cards have their respective symbols, with Community Chest cards in blue, and Chance cards in orange. Versions shown below, the properties are named after locations in (or near), New Jersey.

Atlantic City's Illinois Avenue was renamed Martin Luther King Jr. In the 1980s. Charles Place no longer exists, as the now-defunct was developed where it once ran. There are different versions that have since been then created based on various current consumer interests such as: Dogopoly, Catopoly, Bugopoly, and various TV/movie versions among others.

Oriental Avenue $100 $200 (pay $200) Baltic Avenue $60 Mediter- ranean Avenue $60 Collect $200 salary as you pass GO Marvin Gardens, the farthest yellow property, is a misspelling of its actual name,. The misspelling was introduced by Charles and Olive Todd, who taught the game to, and passed on when their homemade Monopoly board was copied by Darrow and thence to Parker Brothers. The Todds also changed the Atlantic City Quakers' Arctic Avenue to Mediterranean, and shortened the to the Short Line. It was not until 1995 that Parker Brothers acknowledged the misspelling of Marvin Gardens, formally apologizing to the residents of Marven Gardens. Short Line refers to the, a that served Atlantic City. The did not serve Atlantic City. A booklet included with the reprinted 1935 edition states that the four railroads that served in the mid-1930s were the, the, the, and the.

The Baltimore & Ohio (now part of ) was the parent of the Reading. There is a tunnel in Philadelphia where track to the south was B. And track to the north is Reading. The Central of N.J.

Did not have track to Atlantic City but was the daughter of the Reading (and granddaughter of the B. & O.) Their track ran from the New York City area to Delaware Bay and some trains ran on the Reading-controlled track to Atlantic City. The actual 'Electric Company' and 'Water Works' serving the city are respectively Atlantic City Electric Company (a subsidiary of ) and the Atlantic City Municipal Utilities Authority. UK version [ ]. For other localized versions, see. In the 1930s, (Waddingtons) was a firm of printers from that had begun to branch out into packaging and the production of. Waddingtons had sent the card game Lexicon to Parker Brothers hoping to interest them in publishing the game in the United States.

In a similar fashion, Parker Brothers sent over a copy of Monopoly to Waddingtons early in 1935 before the game had been put into production in the United States. The managing director of Waddingtons, Victor Watson, gave the game to his son Norman (who was head of the card games division) to test over the weekend. Norman was impressed by the game and persuaded his father to call Parker Brothers on Monday morning – transatlantic calls then being almost unheard of. This call resulted in Waddingtons obtaining a license to produce and market the game outside of the United States. Watson felt that for the game to be a success in the United Kingdom, the American locations would have to be replaced, so Victor and his secretary, Marjory Phillips, went to London to scout out locations. Is not a street in London but a building (and the name of the road intersection where it is located).

It had been a that stood on the. By the 1930s, the inn had become a tea room (today ). Some accounts say that Marjory and Victor met at the Angel to discuss the selection and celebrated the fact by including it on the Monopoly board. In 2003, a plaque commemorating the naming was unveiled at the site by Victor Watson's grandson, who is also named Victor. During World War II, the British Secret Service contacted Waddington (who could also print on silk) to make Monopoly sets that included escape maps, money, a compass and file, all hidden in copies of the game sent by fake POW relief charities to prisoners of war.

The standard British board, produced by Waddingtons, was for many years the version most familiar to people in countries in the (except Canada, where the U.S. Edition with Atlantic City-area names was reprinted), although local variants of the board are now also found in several of these countries. In 1998, procured the Monopoly license from and created new UK with sponsored squares. Initially, in December 1998, the game was sold in just a few stores, but demand was high, with almost fifty thousand games shipped in the four weeks leading to Christmas. Winning Moves still produces new annually.

The original income tax choice from the 1930s U.S. Board is replaced by a flat rate on the UK board, and the $75 Luxury Tax space is replaced with the £100 Super Tax space, the same as the current German board. In 2008, the U.S. Edition was changed to match the UK and various European editions, including a flat $200 Income Tax value and an increased $100 Luxury Tax amount.

In cases wherein the game was produced under license by a national company, the £ (pound) was replaced by a $ (dollar) sign, but the place names were unchanged. £100 £200 (pay £200) £60 £60 Collect £200 salary as you pass GO Post-2005 variations [ ] Starting in the U.K. In 2005, a revised version of the game, titled Monopoly Here and Now, was produced, replacing game scenarios, properties, and tokens with newer equivalents. Similar boards were produced for Germany and France.

Variants of these first editions appeared with -branded taking the place of cash – the later U.S. 'Electronic Banking' edition has unbranded debit cards. The success of the first Here and Now editions caused Hasbro U.S. To allow on-line voting for twenty-six landmark properties across the United States to take their places along the game-board.

The popularity of this voting, in turn, caused the creation of similar web-sites, and secondary game-boards per popular vote to be created in the U.K., Canada, France, Germany, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, and other nations. [ ] In 2006, Games released the, with a 30% larger game-board and revised game play. Other streets from Atlantic City (eight, one per color group) were included, along with a third 'utility', the Gas Company. In addition, $1,000 denomination notes (first seen in Winning Moves' Monopoly: The Card Game) are included. Game play is further changed with bus tickets (allowing non-dice-roll movement along one side of the board), a speed die (itself adopted into variants of the Atlantic City standard edition; see below), skyscrapers (after houses and hotels), and that can be placed on the Railroad spaces. This edition was adapted for the U.K. Market in 2007, and is sold by Winning Moves U.K.

After the initial U.S. Release, critiques of some of the rules caused the company to issue revisions and clarifications on their website. [ ] Monopoly Here and Now [ ] In September 2006, the U.S. Edition of Monopoly Here and Now was released.

This edition features top landmarks across the U.S. The properties were decided by votes over the Internet in the spring of 2006. Monetary values are multiplied by 10,000 (e.g., one collects $2,000,000 instead of $200 for passing GO and pays that much for Income Tax (or 10% of their total, as this edition was launched prior to 2008), each player starts with $15,000,000 instead of $1,500, etc.). Also, the Chance and Community Chest cards are updated, the Railroads are replaced by Airports (,, New York City's, and Atlanta's ), and the Utilities (Electric Company and Water Works) are replaced by Service Providers (Internet Service Provider and Cell Phone Service Provider). The houses and hotels are blue and silver, not green and red as in most editions of Monopoly. The board uses the traditional U.S. Layout; the cheapest properties are purple, not brown, and 'Interest on Credit Card Debt' replaces 'Luxury Tax'.

Despite the updated Luxury Tax space, and the Income Tax space no longer using the 10% option, this edition uses paper Monopoly money, and not an electronic banking unit like the Here and Now World Edition. However, a similar edition of Monopoly, the Electronic Banking edition, does feature an electronic banking unit and bank cards, as well as a different set of tokens. Both Here and Now and Electronic Banking feature an updated set of tokens from the Atlantic City edition. It is also notable that three states (California, Florida and Texas) are represented by two cities each (Los Angeles and San Francisco, Miami and Orlando, and Dallas and Houston respectively).

No other state is represented by more than one city (not including the airports). One landmark,, has been demolished and no longer exists. Another landmark, Jacobs Field, still exists, but was renamed in 2008. ?, Nashville $1 M, Chicago $2 M pay $2 M or 10%, Dallas $600 K, Cleveland $600 K Collect $2 M salary as you pass GO In 2015, in honor of the game's 80th birthday, Hasbro held an online vote in order to determine which cities would make it into an updated version of the Here and Now edition of the game. This second edition is more a spin-off as the winning condition has changed to completing your passport instead of bankrupting your opponents.

Community Chest is replaced with Here and Now cards while the Here and Now space replaced the railroads. Houses and hotels have been removed. Hasbro released a World edition with the top voted cities from all around the world, as well as at least a Here & Now edition with the voted-on U.S.

Monopoly Empire [ ] Monopoly Empire has uniquely branded tokens and places based on popular brands. Instead of buying properties, players buy popular brands one by one and slide their billboards onto their Empire towers. Instead of building houses and hotels, players collect rent from their rivals based on their tower height. A player wins by being the first player to fill his or her tower with billboards.

Every space on the board is a brand name, including,, and. Monopoly Token Madness This version of Monopoly contains an extra 6 'golden' tokens. That includes a penguin, a television, a racecar, a Mr Monopoly emoji, a rubber duck, a watch, a wheel and a bunny slipper. Monopoly Jackpot During the game, players travel around the gameboard buying properties and collecting rent. But when they land on a chance space, or roll the chance icon on a die, they can spin the Chance spinner to try to make more money. Players can get the 'Jackpot', go bankrupt, or get sent to Jail. The player who has the most cash when the bank crashes wins.

Monopoly: Ultimate Banking Edition In this version, there is no cash. The Monopoly Ultimate Banking game features an electronic ultimate banking piece with touch technology.

Now players can instantly buy properties, and set rent by tapping. Each player gets a bankcard and the Ultimate Banking piece keeps track of everyone's money. It also scans the game's property cards and can boost or crash the market. The game introduces Event cards and Location spaces instead of Chance cards and Community Chest cards.

Land on an Event Space, and rents may be raised or lowered, a player may earn or lose money, or someone could get sent to Jail. Location Spaces allow players to pay and move to any property space on the gameboard. Equipment [ ]. During World War II, the dice in the United Kingdom were replaced with a spinner because of a lack of materials.

All property deeds, houses, and hotels are held by the bank until bought by the players. A standard set of Monopoly pieces includes: Cards [ ] A deck of thirty-two (sixteen Chance and sixteen Community Chest) which players draw when they land on the corresponding squares of the track, and follow the instructions printed on them. Deeds [ ] A for each property is given to a player to signify ownership, and specifies purchase price, value, the cost of building houses and hotels on that property, and the various prices depending on how developed the property is. Properties include: • Twenty-two streets, divided into eight color groups of two or three streets; a player must own all of a color group in order to build houses or hotels.

Once achieved, color group properties must be improved or 'broken down' evenly. See the section on Rules.

• Four railroads, players collect $25 rent if they own one station; $50 for two; $100 for three; $200 for all four. These are usually replaced by railroad stations in non-U.S. Editions of Monopoly. • Two, rent is four times the dice value if one utility is owned, but ten times if both are owned.

Hotels and houses cannot be built on utilities or stations. Some country editions have a fixed rent for utilities; for example, the Italian editions has a L. 2,000 ($20) rent if one utility is owned, or L. 10,000 ($100) if both are owned. The purchase prices for the various properties vary from $60 to $400 on a U.S.

Standard Edition set. Dice [ ] A pair of six-sided, with a ' added for variation in 2007. The 1999 Millennium Edition featured two jewel-like dice which were the subject of a lawsuit from Michael Bowling, owner of dice maker Crystal Caste. Hasbro lost the suit in 2008 and had to pay $446,182 in royalties. Subsequent printings of the game reverted to normal six-sided dice. Houses and hotels [ ] 32 houses and 12 hotels made of wood or plastic (the original and current Deluxe Edition have wooden houses and hotels; the current 'base set' uses plastic buildings).

Unlike money, houses and hotels have a finite supply. If no more are available, no substitute is allowed. In most editions, houses are green and hotels red.

Main article: Older U.S. Standard editions of the game included a total of $15,140 in the following denominations: • 20 $500 bills (orange) • 20 $100 bills (beige) • 30 $50 bills (blue) • 50 $20 bills (green) • 40 $10 bills (yellow) • 40 $5 bills (pink) • 40 $1 bills (white) Newer (September 2008 and later) U.S. Editions instead provide a total of $20,580–30 of each denomination. The colors of some of the bills are also changed: $10s are now colored blue instead of yellow, $20s are a brighter color green than before, and $50s are now colored purple instead of blue. Each player begins the game with his or her token on the Go square, and $1,500 (or 1,500 of a localized currency) in play money (2,500 with the Speed Die). Prior to September 2008, the money was divided with greater numbers of 20 and 10 dollar bills.

Since then, the U.S. Version has taken on the British version's initial cash distributions.

Editions prior to 2008 U.S. Editions since 2008 / British editions 2 × $500 2 × $/£500 2 × $100 4 × $/£100 2 × $50 1 × $/£50 6 × $20 1 × $/£20 5 × $10 2 × $/£10 5 × $5 1 × $/£5 5 × $1 5 × $/£1 Although the U.S. Version is indicated as allowing eight players, the above cash distribution is not possible with all eight players since it requires 32 $100 bills and 40 $1 bills. However, the amount of cash contained in the game is enough for eight players with a slight alteration of bill distribution.

International currencies [ ] Pre-Euro German editions of the game started with 30,000 'Spielmark' in eight denominations (abbreviated as 'M.' ), and later used seven denominations of the 'Deutsche Mark' ('DM.' In the classic Italian game, each player received L.

350,000 ($3500) in a two-player game, but L. 50,000 ($500) less for each player more than two. Only in a six-player game does a player receive the equivalent of $1,500.

The classic Italian games were played with only four denominations of currency. Both Spanish editions (the Barcelona and Madrid editions) started the game with 150,000 in play money, with a breakdown identical to that of the American version. Extra currency [ ] Monopoly money is theoretically unlimited; if the bank runs out of money the players must make do with other markers, or calculate on paper. Additional paper money can be bought at certain locations, notably game and hobby stores, or downloaded from various websites and printed and cut by hand. One such site has created a $1,000 bill; while a $1,000 bill can be found in and Monopoly: The Card Game, both published by Winning Moves Games, this note is not a standard denomination for 'classic' versions of Monopoly. Tokens [ ] Each player is represented by a small metal or plastic that is moved around the edge of the board according to the roll of two six-sided dice. The number of tokens (and the tokens themselves) have changed over the history of the game, with many appearing in special editions only, and some available with non-game purchases.

After prints with wood tokens in 1937, a set of eight tokens was introduced: Two more were added in late 1937, tokens changed again in 1942. During World War II, the game tokens were switched back to wood.

Main article: If a player lands on a Chance or Community Chest space, they draw the top card from the respective deck and follow its instructions. This may include collecting or paying money to the bank or another player, or moving to a different space on the board.

Two types of cards that involve jail, 'Go to Jail' and ', are explained below. Jail [ ] A player is sent to jail for doing any of the following: • Landing directly on 'Go to Jail' • Throwing three consecutive doubles in one turn • Drawing a 'Go to Jail' card from Chance or Community Chest When a player is sent to jail, they move directly to the Jail space and their turn ends ('). If an ordinary dice roll (not one of the above events) ends with the player's token on the Jail corner, they are 'Just Visiting' and can move ahead on their next turn without incurring any penalty. If a player is in jail, they do not take a normal turn and must either pay a fine of $50 to be released, use a Chance or Community Chest, or attempt to roll doubles on the dice. If a player fails to roll doubles, they lose their turn. Failing to roll doubles in three consecutive turns requires the player to either pay the $50 fine or use a Get Out of Jail Free card, after which they move ahead according to the total rolled. Players in jail may not buy properties directly from the bank, due to being unable to move, but can engage all other transactions, such as mortgaging properties, selling/trading properties to other players, buying/selling houses and hotels, collecting rent, and bidding on property auctions.

A player who rolls doubles to leave jail does not roll again; however, if the player pays the fine or uses a card to get out and then rolls doubles, they do take another turn. Properties [ ] If the player lands on an unowned property, whether street, railroad, or utility, they can buy the property for its listed purchase price.

If they decline this purchase, the property is auctioned off by the bank to the highest bidder, including the player who declined to buy. If the property landed on is already owned and unmortgaged, they must pay the owner a given rent, the price dependent on whether the property is part of a set or its level of development. When a player owns all of the properties in a color group and none of them are mortgaged, they may develop them during their turn or in between other player's turns. Development involves buying miniature houses or hotels from the bank and placing them on the property spaces, and must be done uniformly across the group. That is, a second house cannot be built on any property within a group until all of them have one house. Once the player owns an entire group, they can collect double rent for any undeveloped properties within it. Although houses and hotels cannot be built on railroads or utilities, the given rent also increases if a player owns more than one of either type.

If there is more demand for houses to be built than what remains in the bank, then a housing auction is conducted to determine who will get to purchase each house. Mortgaging [ ] Properties can also be mortgaged, although all developments on a monopoly must be sold before any property of that color can be mortgaged or traded. The player receives money from the bank for each mortgaged property (half of the purchase price), which must be repaid with 10% interest to unmortgage. Houses and hotels can be sold back to the bank for half their purchase price.

Players cannot collect rent on mortgaged properties and may not give improved property away to others; however, trading mortgaged properties is allowed. The player receiving the mortgaged property must immediately unmortgage it for the mortgage price plus 10%, or pay the bank just the 10% amount and keep the property mortgaged; if the player chooses the latter, they must still pay the 10% again if the property is later unmortgaged. Bankruptcy [ ] A player who cannot pay what they owe is bankrupt and eliminated from the game. If the bankrupt player owes the bank, they must turn all of their assets over to the bank, who then auctions off their properties (if they have any), except buildings. If the debt is instead to another player, all the assets are instead given to that opponent, but the new owner must still pay the bank to un-mortgage any such properties received. The winner is the remaining player left after all the others have gone bankrupt. If a player runs out of money but still has assets that can be converted to cash, they can do so by selling buildings, mortgaging properties, or trading with other players.

To avoid bankruptcy the player must be able to raise enough cash in order to pay the full amount owed. A player cannot choose to go bankrupt; if there is any way to pay what they owe, even in returning all their buildings at a loss, mortgaging all their real estate and giving up all their cash and certainly going bankrupt the next time they have to pay something, they must do so. (They can, however, arguably refuse an overly generous trade offer from the other players with the sole purpose of keeping them in the game.) Rule modifications [ ] From 1936, the rules booklet included with each Monopoly set contained a short section at the end providing rules for making the game shorter, including dealing out all the property cards before starting the game, or by setting a time limit, or by ending the game after the second player goes bankrupt. A later version of the rules included this variant, along with the time limit game, in the main rules booklet, omitting the second bankruptcy method as a third short game.

House rules [ ] Many have emerged for the game since its creation. Well-known is the 'Free Parking jackpot rule', where all the money collected from Income Tax, Luxury Tax, Chance and Community Chest goes to the center of the board instead of the bank. Many people add $500 to start each pile of Free Parking money, guaranteeing a much better and more average (all closer to the average amount) pay-out. When a player lands on Free Parking, they may take the money.

Another rule is that if a player lands directly on Go, they collect double the amount, or $400, instead of $200. House rules that slow or prevent money being returned to the bank in this way may have a side effect of increasing the time it takes for players to become bankrupt, lengthening the game considerably, as well as decreasing the effects of strategy and prudent investment. Video game and computer game versions of Monopoly have options where popular house rules can be used. In 2014, Hasbro determined five popular house rules by public Facebook vote, and released a 'House Rules edition' of the board game.

Rules selected include a 'Free Parking' house rule without additional money and forcing players to traverse the board once before buying properties. Strategy [ ] According to Jim Slater in, the Orange property group is the best to own because players land on them more often, as a result of the Chance cards Go to Jail, Advance to St. Charles Place (Pall Mall), Advance to Reading Railroad (Kings Cross Station) and Go Back Three Spaces. In all, during game play, Illinois Avenue (Trafalgar Square), New York Avenue (Vine Street), B&O Railroad (Fenchurch Street Station), and Reading Railroad (Kings Cross Station) are the most frequently landed-upon properties.

Mediterranean Avenue (Old Kent Road), Baltic Avenue (Whitechapel Road), Park Place (Park Lane), and Oriental Avenue (The Angel Islington) are the least-landed-upon properties. Among the property groups, the Railroads are most frequently landed upon, as no other group has four properties; Orange has the next highest frequency, followed by Red. End game [ ] One common criticism of Monopoly is that although it has carefully defined termination conditions, it may take an unlimited amount of time to reach them. Parker, a former president of, is quoted as saying, 'We always felt that forty-five minutes was about the right length for a game, but Monopoly could go on for hours.

Also, a game was supposed to have a definite end somewhere. In Monopoly you kept going around and around.' Hasbro states that the longest game of Monopoly ever played lasted 1,680 hours (70 days or 10 weeks or 2.3 months). Related games [ ] Add-ons [ ] Numerous add-ons have been made for Monopoly, sold independently from the game both before its commercialization and after, with three official ones discussed below: Stock Exchange [ ] The original Stock Exchange add-on was published by Capitol Novelty Co. Of in early 1936.

It was marketed as an add-on for Monopoly, Finance, or Easy Money games. Shortly after Capitol Novelty introduced Stock Exchange, Parker Brothers bought it from them then marketed their own, slightly redesigned, version as an add-on specifically for their 'new' Monopoly game; the Parker Brothers version was available in June 1936. The Free Parking square is covered over by a new Stock Exchange space and the add-on included three Chance and three Community Chest cards directing the player to 'Advance to Stock Exchange'.

The Stock Exchange add-on was later redesigned and rereleased in 1992 under license by, this time including a larger number of new Chance and Community Chest cards. This version included ten new Chance cards (five 'Advance to Stock Exchange' and five other related cards) and eleven new Community Chest cards (five 'Advance to Stock Exchange' and six other related cards; the regular Community Chest card 'From sale of stock you get $45' is removed from play when using these cards). Many of the original rules applied to this new version (in fact, one optional play choice allows for playing in the original form by only adding the 'Advance to Stock Exchange' cards to each deck). [ ] A Monopoly Stock Exchange Edition was released in 2001 (although not in the U.S.), this time adding an electronic calculator-like device to keep track of the complex stock figures. This was a full edition, not just an add-on, that came with its own board, money and playing pieces. Properties on the board were replaced by companies on which shares could be floated, and offices and home offices (instead of houses and hotels) could be built. Playmaster [ ] Playmaster, another official add-on, released in 1982, is an electronic device that keeps track of all player movement and dice rolls as well as what properties are still available.

It then uses this information to call random auctions and mortgages making it easier to free up cards of a color group. It also plays eight short tunes when key game functions occur; for example when a player lands on a railroad it plays ', and a police car's siren sounds when a player goes to Jail. Get Out of Jail and Free Parking Minigames [ ] In 2009, Hasbro released two minigames that can be played as stand-alone games or combined with the Monopoly game. In Get Out of Jail, the goal is to manipulate a spade under a jail cell in an attempt to flick out various colored prisoners. The game can be used as an alternative to rolling doubles to get out of jail. In Free Parking, players attempt to balance taxis on a wobbly board.

The Free Parking add-on can also be used with the Monopoly game. When a player lands on the Free Parking, the player can take the Taxi Challenge, and if successful, can move to any space on the board. Speed Die [ ]. The Speed Die First included in Winning Moves' variant, this third, six-sided die is rolled with the other two, and accelerates game-play when in use. In 2007, Parker Brothers began releasing its standard version (also called the Speed Die Edition) of Monopoly with the same die (originally in blue, later in red). Its faces are: 1, 2, 3, two ' sides, and a bus. The numbers behave as normal, adding to the other two dice, unless a 'triple' is rolled, in which case the player can move to any space on the board.

Monopoly' is rolled while there are unowned properties, the player advances forward to the nearest one. Otherwise, the player advances to the nearest property on which rent is owed. In the Mega Edition, rolling the bus allows you take the regular dice move then either take a bus ticket or move to the nearest space.

Mega rules specifies that triples do not count as doubles for going to jail as you do not roll again. Used in a regular edition, the bus (properly 'get off the bus') allows the player to use only one of the two numbered dice or the sum of both, thus a roll of 1, 5, and bus would let the player choose between moving 1, 5, or 6 spaces. The Speed Die is used throughout the game in the 'Mega Edition', while in the 'Regular Edition' it is used by any player who has passed GO at least once. In these editions it remains optional, although use of the Speed Die was made mandatory for use in the 2009 U.S. & World Monopoly Championship, as well as the 2015 World Championship.

Spin-offs [ ] Parker Brothers and its licensees have also sold several spin-offs of Monopoly. These are not add-ons, as they do not function as an addition to the Monopoly game, but are simply additional games in the flavor of Monopoly: • board game (1985): Focusing mainly on building the most hotels along the Boardwalk. •: Dice game originally released by Parker Brothers; roll combinations of dice to create color groups for points before rolling the words 'GO' 'TO' and 'JAIL' (which forfeits all earned points for the turn). •: A deluxe, travel edition re-release of Don't Go To Jail, replacing the word dice with 'Officer Jones' dice and adding an eleventh die, Houses & Hotels, and a self-contained game container/dice roller & keeper. • card game (1994 U.S., 1995 U.K.): Released by Hasbro/Parker Brothers and Waddingtons in the U.K., now out of print.

Basically a rummy-style card game based on scoring points by completing color group sections of the game-board. • card game (1988) A more complex card game released by Parker Brothers, with several similarities to the card game. Uses cards to either add time to parking meters, or spend the time doing activities to earn points. Includes a deck of Second Chance cards that further alter game-play. Two editions were made; minor differences in card art and Second Chance cards in each edition.

• (2000) an updated card game released by Games under license from Hasbro. Similar, but decidedly more complex, game-play to the Express Monopoly card game. •: Game-play retains similar flavor but has been made significantly more complex in this version.

The traditional properties are replaced by 'districts' mapped to the previously underutilized real estate in the centre of the board. •: The most recent card game version of Monopoly.

Players attempt to complete three property groups by playing property, cash & event cards. • board game (first published 1990, multiple variations since): A simplified version of the original game for young children. • Monopoly Town by Parker Brothers / Hasbro (2008) a young children's game of racing designed to help them learn to count. • (1979): Gameplay is similar, but the goals and directions often opposite to those of Monopoly; the object is for players to lose all of their money. Video games [ ]. Main article: Besides the many variants of the actual game (and the spin-off) released in either video game or computer game formats (e.g.,,, -based,,,,,,, etc.), two spin-off computer games have been created.

An electronic hand-held version was marketed from 1997 to 2001. • Monopoly: The game designed. •: An online version, using and. • Monopoly Millionaires: The Facebook game designed. • Monopoly Streets: A video game played for the,, and. The video game includes properties now played on a street. •: A game where players build businesses on the properties they own.

• Monopoly Plus: A game for the and with high definition graphics. Gambling games [ ]. This section needs additional citations for.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2012) () Many Monopoly-themed and have been produced by in conjunction with for land-based casinos.

[ ], who have the online rights to Monopoly, have created online Monopoly themed games. London's Group have also developed Monopoly-themed gambling games. The British quiz machine brand also supports a Monopoly trivia and chance game, which, like most other itbox games, costs 50p (0.50) to play and has a 20 jackpot. There was also a live, online version of Monopoly.

Six painted taxis drive around London picking up passengers. When the taxis reach their final destination, the region of London that they are in is displayed on the online board. This version takes far longer to play than board-game Monopoly, with one game lasting 24 hours. Results and position are sent to players via e-mail at the conclusion of the game. Media [ ] Commercial promotions [ ]. This section needs additional citations for. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

(February 2012) () Monopoly Here and Now: The World Edition Publisher(s) Players 2–6 Setup time 5–15 minutes Playing time About 1.5 hours Random chance High ( rolling, card drawing) Skill(s) required Negotiation, basic resource management In 2008, Hasbro released Monopoly Here and Now: The World Edition. This world edition features top locations of the world. The locations were decided by votes over the Internet.

The result of the voting was announced on August 20, 2008. Out of these, is especially notable, as it is by far the smallest city of those featured and won the vote thanks to a spontaneous, large-scale mobilization of support started by its citizens. The new game uses its own currency unit, the Monopolonian (a game-based take on the Euro; designated by M). The game uses said unit in millions and thousands. As seen below, there is no dark purple color-group, as that is replaced by brown, as in the European version of the game. [ ] It is also notable that three cities (,, and ) are from Canada and three other cities (Beijing, Hong Kong, and Shanghai) are from the People's Republic of China. No other countries are represented by more than one city.

[ ] Of the 68 cities listed on Hasbro Inc.' S website for the vote,, was chosen as one of the 20 cities to be featured in the newest Monopoly World Edition.

Before the vote took place, a Hasbro employee in the London office eliminated the country signifier 'Israel' after the city, in response to pressure from pro-. After the Israeli government protested, Hasbro Inc. Issued a statement that read: 'It was a bad decision, one that we rectified relatively quickly. This is a game. We never wanted to enter into any political debate.

We apologize to our Monopoly fans.' Tokyo M1 M M2 M pay M2 M M600 K M600 K Collect M2 M salary as you pass GO A similar online vote was held in early 2015 for an updated version of the game. The resulting board should be released worldwide in late 2015. [ ] Lima, Peru won the vote and will hold the Boardwalk space. Deluxe editions [ ] Hasbro sells a Deluxe Edition, which is mostly identical to the classic edition but has wooden houses and hotels and gold-toned tokens, including one token in addition to the standard eleven, a railroad.

Other additions to the Deluxe Edition include a card carousel, which holds the title deed cards, and money printed with two colors of ink. In 1978, retailer manufactured and sold an all-chocolate edition of Monopoly through its for that year. The entire set was edible, including the money, dice, hotels, properties, tokens and playing board. The set retailed for $600. In 2000, the store in New York City sold a custom version called One-Of-A-Kind Monopoly for $100,000. • ^ (February 13, 2015)...

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New York, London: Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. Pp. 30–41, 67–79, 84–89.. •, pp. 90–92, 132–133. The Monopoly Book.

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Retrieved 16 February 2017. • Darwin, Clarence B. Passing Go: Early Monopoly 1933–1937 (1, revised ed.). River Forest, Illinois: Folkopoly Press.

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Retrieved 13 August 2013. The 'Bust~the~Trust!' The basic idea of the game is to end the monopolistic practices of the 3-company-combinations of the gameboard. The players are Trust-Busting lawyers going about the board slapping lawsuits on the monopolies. The winning trust buster is the one who ends with the largest number of social-credit points when one of the players runs out of money. • January 17, 2013, at the. Retrieved October 6, 2012 • Retrieved October 6, 2012 • September 24, 2006, at the.

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• ^ Curry, Andrew (January 4, 2009).. Retrieved June 10, 2009. Further reading [ ] Bibliography • Doll, Jen. 'An Anti-Capitalist Woman Invented Monopoly and a Man Got All the Credit', The New Republic Feb. 5, 2015 • Pilon, Mary, The Monopolists: Obsession, Fury, and the Scandal Behind the World's Favorite Board Game (Bloomsbury, 2015) • Monopoly as a Markov Process, by R. Bishop,, vol. 45 (1972) pp. 26–29.

• Take a Walk on the Boardwalk, by S. Abbott and M. Richey,, vol. 3 (May, 1997) pp. 162–171. The Billion Dollar MONOPOLY Swindle (Second ed.). Xlibris Corporation..

• Brady, Maxine (1974). The Monopoly Book: Strategy and Tactics of the World's Most Popular Game (First hardcover ed.). • Darzinskis, Kaz (1987). Winning Monopoly: A Complete Guide to Property Accumulation, Cash-Flow Strategy, and Negotiating Techniques When Playing the Best-Selling Board Game (First ed.).

Harper & Row, New York.. Do Not Pass Go.

Vintage Books.. September 24, 2007.

Retrieved February 8, 2008. January 2, 2012.

Retrieved January 3, 2012. [ ] • Reader's Digest: The truth about history (2003) article 'Monopoly on ideas'. External links [ ] The Wikibook has a page on the topic of: The Wikibook has a page on the topic of: Wikimedia Commons has media related to.

• • • Fun Facts page • Monopoly history, properties around the world and various editions. • • Patent awarded to C. Darrow for Monopoly on December 31, 1935 • series of articles from the newspaper Courier Post, which describe the streets of Atlantic City that appear on Monopoly • • interactive, customizable real-world Monopoly simulator and estimated win percentage generator. • The strategies, tactics, and math behind Monopoly. • • • • (September 23, 2013).